On October 4, the Patriot militia reached Ferguson's former camp at Gilbert Town,[24] where thirty Georgia militiamen joined them, anxious for action. The Patriot militia suffered 28 killed and 60 wounded. Major Ferguson was appointed Inspector of Militia on May 22, 1780. Descendants of the Battle of Kings Mountain. Show your pride in battlefield preservation by shopping in our store. In what is now rural Cherokee County, South Carolina, the Patriot militia defeated the Loyalist militia commanded by British Major Patrick Ferguson of the 71st Foot. Battle of King’s Mountain During the American Revolution , Patriot irregulars under Colonel William Campbell defeat Tories under Major Patrick Ferguson at the Battle of King’s Mountain. In order to compare the tactics of the Battle of Kings Mountain with the tactics of the other battles of the American Revolution, one must consider the topography of the battlefield. The request did not reach Cornwallis until one day after the battle. The Battle of Kings Mountain on October 7, 1780, was a decisive Patriot victory and a turning point of the war in the South during the American Revolution. Help save a crucial 22-acre tract on the battlefield where 14 African American soldiers earned the highest military honor in the land. Campbell soon rallied his troops, returned to the hill, and resumed firing. Here less than a thousand men, inspired by the urge of freedom, defeated a superior force entrenched in this strategic position. [citation needed], On September 2, Ferguson and the militia he had already recruited marched west in pursuit of Shelby toward the Appalachian Mountain hill country on what is now the Tennessee/North Carolina border. Spruce Pine 27Sep1780 Grassy Creek at North Toe River current Mitchell County NC. Needing to hurry, the Patriot militia put 900 men on horseback and rode for Kings Mountain. Major Patrick Ferguson was appointed Inspector of Militia on May 22, 1780. "Kings Mountain and Its Heroes", Lyman C. Draper, 1881. It was decided that Kings Mountain would be a more appropriate name since the community was the closest town to the historic Battle of Kings Mountain in York County. A significant number of the surrendering Loyalists were killed or wounded including the white flag emissary. This battle pitted two of the most unlikely foes in military history. Then take the paved trail that leads through the battlefield itself. Routes to the Battle of Kings Mountain, 1780. "[39] He gathered a few officers together and tried to cut through the Patriot ring, but Sevier's men fired a volley and Ferguson was shot and dragged by his horse behind the Patriot line. In the late 1760s and early 1770s, Euro-American settlers began pouring into what is now northeastern Tennessee and southwestern Virginia, causing considerable agitation among the Cherokees and other tribes who controlled the area. Kings Mountain National Military Park is a National Military Park near Blacksburg, South Carolina, along the North Carolina/South Carolina border. The park headquarters is in Blacksburg, South Carolina, and hosts hundreds of thousands of people each year. Donate Now . Articles such as this one were acquired and published with the primary aim of expanding the information on Britannica.com with greater speed and efficiency than has traditionally been possible. [54], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}35°07′10″N 81°23′37″W / 35.11935°N 81.39359°W / 35.11935; -81.39359, Buchanan and Edgar give the losses as 63 killed, 90 wounded, 70 taken prisoner. The battle has been described as "the war’s largest all-American fight".[3]. Aaron Biggerstaff, a Loyalist, had fought in the battle and been mortally wounded. [9], Some Whig leaders briefly considered attacking the Tory stronghold at Ninety Six, South Carolina; but they hurriedly dispersed after learning that a large Patriot army had been defeated at Camden three days previous. After an hour of battle, Ferguson was fatally shot while trying to break the rebel line, after which his men surrendered. "[31] Two parties, led by Colonels John Sevier and William Campbell, assaulted the mountain's "heel"—the smallest in area, but its highest point. OCTOBER 7, 1780. While this … [15] Campbell's cousin, Arthur Campbell, brought 200 more Virginians. The Patriots had to move out quickly for fear that Cornwallis would advance to meet them. List of American Revolutionary War battles, American Revolutionary War § War in the South, "Revolutionary War Historic Sites - Battle of Musgrove Mill - Musgrove Mill State Historic Site", "Gilbert Town: Its Place in North Carolina and Revolutionary War History", "The American Rifle: At the Battle of Kings Mountain", "Overmountain Victory Organization the Patriot Army at King's Mountain", Roan Mountain (Tennessee) Citizens Club – Overmountain Men Celebration, Lord Cornwallis and Major Ferguson NC state signs (offered by the American Revolutionary War Living History Center) with annual events held by the Town of Grover where Major Ferguson is celebrated as having camped and a NC state historical marker exists for such, Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness, Washington's crossing of the Delaware River, African Americans in the Revolutionary War, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Battle_of_Kings_Mountain&oldid=997257932, Battles of the American Revolutionary War in South Carolina, North Carolina in the American Revolution, Battles in the Southern theater of the American Revolutionary War 1780–1783, Massacres in the American Revolutionary War, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 December 2020, at 18:25. His brother Benjamin was a Patriot and was being held as a prisoner-of-war on a British ship docked at Charleston, S.C. Their cousin John Moore was the Loyalist commander at the earlier Battle of Ramsour's Mill (modern Lincolnton, N.C.), in which many of the combatants at Kings Mountain had participated on one side or the other. Desc: Kings Mountain is a small suburban city within the Charlotte metropolitan area in Cleveland and Gaston counties, North Carolina, United States.Most of the city is in Cleveland County, with a small eastern portion in Gaston County. Numerous bands of American partisans emerged from North Carolina, South Carolina, and modern-day Tennessee and rallied under the command of Colonel William Campbell. Firing was difficult for the Loyalists, since the Patriots constantly moved using cover and concealment to their advantage. The Loyalists suffered 290 killed, 163 wounded, and 668 taken prisoner. While General Charles Lord Cornwallis marched his troops into North Carolina, Major Patrick Ferguson gathered Loyalist militia near Gilbert Town. At the climax of the battle, Ferguson was shot to death while trying to leave a charge. [1] The Patriots had to move out quickly for fear that Cornwallis would advance to meet them. [52] He would not return to North Carolina until early 1781, when he was chasing Nathanael Greene after the Americans had dealt British forces another defeat at the Battle of Cowpens. Loyalist officer Alexander Chesney later wrote he didn't know the Patriots were anywhere near them until the shooting started. Kings Mountain is located at 35°14′39″N 81°20′33″W / 35.24417°N 81.3425°W / 35.24417; -81.3425 (35.244105, -81.342544). Encouraged by his growing numbers, Ferguson demanded rebels in vicinity “desist from their opposition to British arms” or suffer Ferguson’s wrath. We are dedicated to improving the public knowledge of the Battle of Kings Mountain. from New York. [49] His decision to halt the executions came after an impassioned plea for mercy from one of the Biggerstaff women, although accounts vary as to whether it was Martha Biggerstaff, Aaron's wife, or Mary Van Zant Biggerstaff, Benjamin's wife. This became the pattern of the battle; the Patriots would charge up the hill, then the Tories would charge down the hill with fixed bayonets, driving the Patriots off the slopes and into the woods. Ferguson had arrived in North Carolina in early September 1780 to recruit troops for the Loyalist militia and protect the flank of Lord Cornwallis's main force. Kings Mountain was a pivotal moment in the history of the American Revolution. The fierce engagement pitted Loyalist militiamen under the command of British Major Patrick Ferguson against 900 Over Mountain Men, residents of the Carolina Backcountry and the Appalachian Mountains. Once the charge was spent and the Tories returned to their positions, the Patriots would reform in the woods, return to the base of the hill, and charge up the hill again. [16] About 1,100 volunteers from southwest Virginia and today's northeast Tennessee, known as the "Overmountain Men" because they had settled into the wilderness west of the Appalachian Mountains ridgeline, mustered at the rendezvous on September 25, 1780, at Sycamore Shoals near the modern city of Elizabethton, Tennessee. Find local businesses, view maps and get driving directions in Google Maps. While General Charles Lord Cornwallis marched his troops into North Carolina, Major Patrick Ferguson gathered Loyalist militia near Gilbert Town. and "Give them Buford's play!" There never has been any uncertainty as to the actual location of the ground on which the Battle of Kings Mountain was fought, but due to the defects and limitations in early maps, the battle has frequently been described as occurring in North Carolina. [29] By early afternoon they arrived and immediately surrounded the ridge and attacked. [20] Now 1400 strong, the Patriots marched to South Mountain, North Carolina,[21] The five colonels leading the Patriot force (Shelby, Sevier, William Campbell, Joseph McDowell and Cleveland) chose William Campbell as the nominal commander, but they agreed that all five would act in council to command their combined army. When the Patriots recovered his corpse, they counted seven bullet wounds. At 3:30 P.M., Ferguson was starting to confront the Left Division. Coming after a series of disasters and humiliations in the Carolinas—the fall of Charleston and capture of the American army there, the destruction of another American army at the Battle of Camden, the Waxhaws Massacre—the surprising decisive victory at Kings Mountain was a great boost to Patriot morale. This Site All NPS On October 7, 1780, a small but significant battle took place on a rocky hilltop in western South Carolina known as Kings Mountain. National Park Service Logo National Park Service. [4][5], On the morning of August 18, 1780, two hundred mounted Patriot partisans under joint command of Colonels Isaac Shelby, James Williams, and Elijah Clarke prepared to raid a Loyalist camp at Musgrove's Mill, which controlled the local grain supply and guarded a ford of the Enoree River. The Tories of the Carolina back country were broken as a military force. Map spot for Blacksburg, South Carolina. Buchanan gives Patriot losses as four killed and seven wounded. He was the only regular British soldier in the command,[32] composed entirely of Loyalist Carolina militia, except for the 100 or so red-uniformed Provincials (enlisted colonials)[33] Illustration. Donations to the Trust are tax deductible to the full extent allowable under the law. With Ferguson dead and his Loyalist militia destroyed, Cornwallis was forced to abandon his plan to invade North Carolina and retreated into South Carolina. The American Battlefield Trust and our members have saved more than 53,000 acres in 24 states! The battlefield ridge is a spur of the Kings Mountain range, a monadnock formation which rises above the surrounding plateau. The Majority of our funds go directly to Preservation and Education. Shelby and his Overmountain Men crossed back over the Appalachian Mountains and retreated back into the territory of the Watauga Association at Sycamore Shoals in present day Elizabethton, Tennessee, and by the next month on September 25, 1780, Colonels Shelby, John Sevier, and Charles McDowell and their 600 Overmountain Men had combined forces with Col. William Campbell and his 400 Virginia men at the Sycamore Shoals muster in advance of the October 7, 1780, Battle of Kings Mountain north of present day Blacksburg, South Carolina in North Carolina. The expedition to and battle on Kings Mountain | | An account of Battle of Kings Mountain, which took place in South Carolina on 7 October 1780, by Colonel Campbell (two months after the battle he was made brigadier general of militia). The battle took place on October 7, 1780, 9 miles (14 km) south of the present-day town of Kings Mountain, North Carolina. [37], After an hour of combat,[38] Loyalist casualties were heavy. Kings Mountain National Military Park, Blacksburg Picture: battle map - Check out Tripadvisor members' 376 candid photos and videos of Kings Mountain National Military Park The Battle of King’s Mountain was a unique battle in the American Revolution. [28] Kings Mountain is one of many rocky forested hills in the upper Piedmont, near the border between North and South Carolina. [53], In 1931, the Congress of the United States created the Kings Mountain National Military Park at the site of the battle. [44] They took about 700 Loyalist prisoners. [35], No one in the Patriot army held command once the fighting started. Furthermore, the downhill angle of the hill contributed to the Loyalists overshooting their marks. The Battle of Kings Mountain was fought October 7, 1780, during the American Revolution (1775-1783). By September 30, they had reached Quaker Meadows, the Burke County, North Carolina home of the McDowell brothers, where they united with Benjamin Cleveland and 350 men. President Herbert Hoover at Kings Mountain said, This is a place of inspiring memories. Monuments and markers commemorate the crucial sites along the trail. Some were testified against by Patriots who had previously fought alongside them and later changed sides. Each detachment fought independently under the previously agreed to plan to surround and destroy the Loyalists. Some Patriots gave no quarter until the rebel officers re-established control over their men; they were said to be seeking revenge for alleged killings by Banastre Tarleton's militiamen at the Battle of Waxhaws, under the slogan "Remember Tarleton's Quarter." Federal Identification Number (EIN): 54-1426643. Shelby, Sevier and Campbell reached the top of the hill behind the Loyalist position and attacked Ferguson's rear. Ferguson ordered two more bayonet charges during the battle. [15] The detachments of Shelby, Sevier and Campbell were met by 160 North Carolina militiamen led by Charles McDowell and his brother Joseph. He had not thought it necessary to fortify his camp. The Patriot militia suffered 29 killed and 58 wounded. Ferguson had his militia line the the brow of the northern ridge while waiting for the Patriots. [22], Meanwhile, two deserters from the Patriot militia reached Patrick Ferguson and informed him of the large body of militia advancing towards him. On October 1, Ferguson reached North Carolina's Broad River, where he issued another pugnacious public letter, calling the local militia to join him lest they be "pissed upon by a set of mongrels" (the Overmountain Men).[23]. The other detachments, led by Colonels Shelby, Williams, Lacey, Cleveland, Hambright, Winston and McDowell, attacked the main Loyalist position, surrounding the "ball" base beside the "heel" crest of the mountain. With steel portraits, maps, and plans. His edict had the opposite effect. Ferguson challenged rebel militias to lay down their arms or suffer the consequences. [47], On October 20, the retreating Patriot force held drumhead courts-martial of Loyalists on various charges (treason, desertion from Patriot militias, incitement of Indian rebellion). Kings Mountain Horse Trail. Thomas Jefferson called it, "The turn of the tide of success." Jun 22, 2017 - Explore Kings Mountain Historical Muse's board "Kings Mountain History", followed by 150 people on Pinterest. Donate today to preserve battlefields in America and protect the legacy of our nation’s defining conflicts. [43] When de Peyster sent out a second white flag, a few of the Patriot officers, including Campbell and Sevier, ran forward and took control by ordering their men to cease fire. Shelby's forces covered sixty miles with Ferguson in hot pursuit before making their escape. [36] The Patriots crept up the hill and fired from behind rocks and trees. "[13], North Carolina Patriot militia leaders Isaac Shelby and John Sevier, from the Washington District (now northeast Tennessee), met and agreed to lead their militiamen against him. [40] There he was confronted by an opposing rebel officer, who demanded a surrender from the major. Brother John Cathey came from Ireland to claim his land when William died. Preserve 108 Acres of the Most Important Unprotected Battlefield Land, Save 40 Acres of the American Revolution Southern Theater, Kentuckians: Support Battlefield Preservation Legislation, Virginians: Support Battlefield Preservation Legislation. The Revolutionary War Trust's (formerly Campaign 1776) map of the Battle of Kings Mountain. Please consider making a gift today to help raise the $170,000 we need to preserve this piece of American history forever. Buchanan, 179. The column finally made camp at Salem, North Carolina.[51]. The battle was a pivotal event in the Southern campaign. Read the related article: The Overmountain Men and the Battle of Kings Mountain . The figures in the text are those from a wayside at. On October 8, Campbell’s American Patriots attacked Ferguson’s American Loyalists, fighting from tree to tree. Battle of Kings Mountain map. But John went to Carolina with other relatives. The Loyalists camped on a ridge west of Kings Pinnacle, the highest point on Kings Mountain. The Battle of Kings Mountain, South Carolina, occurred on the 7th day of October, 1780, and resulted in the defeat of Lieutenant Colonel Ferguson, who commanded the royal forces, and the loss of his command, not one man escaping from the battle field. [52] Additionally, the destruction of Ferguson's command and the looming threat of Patriot militia in the mountains caused Lord Cornwallis to cancel his plans to invade North Carolina; he instead evacuated Charlotte and retreated to South Carolina. Ferguson rallied his troops and launched a desperate bayonet-charge against Campbell and Sevier. [34] As the screaming Patriots charged up the hill, Captain Abraham de Peyster turned to Ferguson and said, "These things are ominous — these are the damned yelling boys! Buchanan, 178; Edgar, 115. In what is now rural Cherokee County, South Carolina, the Patriot militia defeated the Loyalist militia commanded by British Major Patrick Ferguson of the 71st Foot. [41], Seeing their leader fall, the Loyalists began to surrender. Kings Mountain City in North Carolina. The dead were buried in shallow graves and wounded were left on the field to die. [6] The Patriots anticipated surprising a garrison of about an equal number of Loyalists, but a local farmer informed them that the Tories had recently been reinforced by about a hundred Loyalist militia and two hundred provincial regulars on their way to join British Major Patrick Ferguson. Kings Mountain is a rocky wooded hill on the border of North and South Carolina. Length: 30+ mile loop Type: Equestrain Trail Difficulty: Easy to Moderate Description: This easy to moderately difficult 30+ mile loop trail begins in Kings Mountain State Park and circles into Kings Mountain National Military Park, the site of a famous Revolutionary War battle. Usage Statement: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA. [citation needed] Passing through the Sunshine community in what is now Rutherford County, N.C., the retreat halted on the property of the Biggerstaff family. The Battle of Kings Mountain was a military engagement between Patriot and Loyalist militias in South Carolina during the Southern Campaign of the American Revolutionary War, resulting in a decisive victory for the Patriots. The battle took place on October 7, 1780, 9 miles (14 km) south of the present-day town of Kings Mountain, North Carolina. Media in category "Battle of Kings Mountain" The following 7 files are in this category, out of 7 total. However, the Patriots caught up with the Loyalists at Kings Mountain near the border with South Carolina. Search. The Overmountain Men were American frontiersmen from west of the Appalachian Mountains who took part in the American Revolutionary War.While they were present at multiple engagements in the war's southern campaign, they are best known for their role in the American victory at the Battle of Kings Mountain in 1780. [25] On October 6, they reached Cowpens, South Carolina, (site of the future Battle of Cowpens), where they received word that Ferguson was east of them, heading towards Charlotte and Cornwallis. This small band of Patriots turned back a dangerous invasion well designed to separate and dismember the united Colonies. 2726 Shiloh Road Greeneville, TN 37745 (423) … Ferguson’s command suffered 319 killed and wounded with 700 more taken prisoner. See more ideas about kings mountain, history, battle of kings mountain. The ironborn also took Missandei captive and delivered her to Cersei in King's Landing. [7] The whole battle took perhaps an hour; within that period, sixty-three Tories were killed, an unknown number wounded, and seventy were taken prisoner. The surprising victory of the American patriot militia over the Loyalists came after a string of rebel defeats at the hands of Lord Cornwallis, and greatly raised the Patriots' morale. In response, the Patriot militias led by Benjamin Cleveland, James Johnston, William Campbell, John Sevier, Joseph McDowell and Isaac Shelby rallied to attack Ferguson and his forces. Daenerys, Tyrion, and Grey Worm parleyed with Cersei outside the gates of King's Landing, but Cersei ultimately refused to surrend… His death marked the end of organized resistance. Each museum-quality battle of kings mountain framed print may be customized with hundreds of different frame and mat options. No need to register, buy now! A distinguishing characteristic of this battle is that it was fought entirely by irregular, Loyalist and Patriot militia … Start your visit at Kings Mountain by viewing the interpretive exhibits in the visitor center, which give more details about the battle described above. Cathey’s were in Augusta Co VA, George, William, Andrew, James, Alexander- In 1738 William Cathey lived at Beverly Manor. Encouraged by his growing numbers, Ferguson demanded rebels in vicinity “desist from their opposition to British arms” or suffer Ferguson’s wrath. [8] The Patriots lost only about four dead and twelve wounded. Descendants of the Battle of Kings Mountain. [citation needed]. Ferguson rode back and forth across the hill, blowing a silver whistle he used to signal charges. They hurried to catch him. His task was to march to the old Tryon County area, raise and organize Loyalist units from the Tory population of the Carolina Backcountry, and protect the left flank of Lord Cornwallis' main body at Charlotte, North Carolina. For several minutes, the Patriots rejected de Peyster's white flag and continued firing, many of them shouting, "Give 'em Tarleton's Quarter!" [citation needed], While stopped on the Biggerstaff land, the rebels convicted 36 Loyalist prisoners. For reasons that are still unclear, Ferguson halted his march on October 6 and camped his forces atop Kings Mountain. Present-day place names and state boundaries are provided for reference. [14] Campbell called on Benjamin Cleveland to bring his Wilkes County, North Carolina militia to the rendezvous. With the exception of one lone British officer, it was fought entirely between Americans; no British troops fought at King’s Mountain. [11] By September 10, Ferguson had established a base camp at Gilbert Town, North Carolina and, according to Shelby[12] issued a challenge to the Patriot leaders to lay down their arms or he would "lay waste to their country with fire and sword. Divisions of the American Battlefield Trust: The American Battlefield Trust is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. Williams applied to Governor Nash of NC to raise a corps of 100 men. Ferguson shot and killed the man with his pistol in a final act of defiance, but was immediately shot dead by multiple Patriots on the spot. Receiving intelligence on the oncoming attack, Ferguson decided to retreat to the safety of Lord Cornwallis's army. [45], The Battle of Kings Mountain lasted 65 minutes. Donate Now. The park commemorates the Battle of Kings Mountain, a pivotal and significant victory by American Patriots over American Loyalists during the Southern Campaign of the Revolutionary War.It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1996. The … [26] Rebel spies reported Ferguson was making camp on Kings Mountain with some 1200 men. Campbell lost just 90. Later they executed nine Loyalist prisoners after a short trial. The victory achieved by brave fighting patriot frontiersmen, known as the Overmountain Men, HONORING OUR ANCESTORS WHO TURNED THE TIDE OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION . (At Waxhaws, Tarleton's horse was shot, pinning him to the ground and leading his men to believe their commanding officer had been killed under a white flag of surrender. The rendezvous [ 37 ], the downhill angle of the battle of Kings Mountain had to retreat to full. Place names and state boundaries are provided for reference Cornwallis until one day after the of... 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