When we love others, we invite the light of Christ to illuminate our lives. Baptism is performed by immersion in water. Want to read through the Bible this year? However, John wrote that âperfect love casteth out fearâ (1Â John 4:18). Apocryphal books like the Assumption of Moses are not included in the Bible because of their dubious authenticity or validity. The phrase âlittle childrenâ is used similarly in John 13:33 and Doctrine and Covenants 78:17. Introduction and Timeline for 1 John, 2 John, 3 John, and Jude. John warned of antichrists and false prophets. The vocabulary and style closely match 1Â John and 2Â John, leading most commentators to conclude that the epistles had the same author. Teachers who deny Jesus and His work on the cross or command to love others is a deceiver and should be unwelcome by the church. Those who seek fellowship with God must leave the darkness of sin in order to walk in the light of Jesus Christ. 2 John and 3 John are almost exactly the same length, and the phraseology is extremely similar. In these verses, what does John encourage us to do in order to show our love for God? Its purpose was to warn about the increasing threat of false teachings and to reassure Christians of their faith and love in Jesus Christ. In this case the test that determined true teachers was whether they taught âthat Jesus Christ is come in the fleshâ (1Â John 4:2). From the Book of Mormon we learn that Moses was translated and taken into heaven without tasting death (see Alma 45:19). Concerning people like Diotrephes, the Prophet Joseph Smith (1805â44) wrote, âIt is the nature and disposition of almost all men, as soon as they get a little authority, as they suppose, they will immediately begin to exercise unrighteous dominionâ (D&C 121:39; see also 2Â Nephi 26:29). 2 Dear friend, I pray that you may enjoy good health and that all may go well with you, even as your soul is getting along well.3 It gave me great joy when some believers(B)came and testified about your faithfulness to the truth, telling how you continue to walk in it. We do not know the location of its composition. To read more about the Churchâs teachings regarding homosexual acts, see the commentary for Romans 1:26â27. He also reminds believers to welcome true missionaries who teach the message of the cross and love others. âHe alone records Enochâs glorious prophecy about the Second Coming of the Son of Manâ (Doctrinal New Testament Commentary, 3Â vols. On one occasion, the Prophet Joseph Smith wrote that Enoch appeared to Jude (see History of the Church,Â 4:209). In the first letter, the elder encourages the Christians in his community to stay together. The Epistle of 1Â John was written at a time when apostasy was spreading in the Church. They emphasize that God is light and love and every true believer will demonstrate God's light and love. This book is the shortest book in the New Testament and was written to praise Gaius and Demetrius for their faithful service. The author identifies himself as âJude, the servant of Jesus Christ, and brother of Jamesâ (Jude 1:1). Yet they're all loosely tied together by the same ideas. The author of 1Â John did not identify himself in the epistle; however, as early as the second century, Christian scholars have identified the author as the Apostle John, one of the original Twelve. Through Jesus Christâs atoning sacrifice and perfect spirituality, we are able to be born again and receive spiritual sanctification. https://www.insight.org/resources/bible/the-general-epistles/third-john Series Preface: J. I. Packer and Lane T. Dennis Week 1: Overview Week 2: This Is the Message (1 John 1:1–2:11) Week 3: Do Not Love the World (1 John 2:12–17) Week 4: Abide in Him (1 John 2:18–3:10) Week 5: Love One Another (1 John 3:11–4:6) Week 6: Love One Another, Continued (1 John 4:7–21) Week 7: Children of God (1 John 5:1–12) âThat if men will personify that love in their lives, they will become like the Lord himself and have eternal life with himâ (Doctrinal New Testament Commentary, 3Â vols. God's children should follow Jesus' example to love others. Sometimes, when our parents went away for the evening, we would turn on every light in the house! It also declares that âwe suffer with him, that we may be also glorified togetherâ (Rom. Those who most aggressively mock the Church and its standards are those who âwalk after their own ungodly lustsâ and who âseparate themselvesâ from the believers because they do not have the Spirit (Jude 1:18â19; see also 2Â Peter 3:3). To receive âwhatsoever we askâ of God, we must âkeep his commandments, and do those things that are pleasing in his sightâ (1Â John 3:22). âWhosoever is born of God doth not continue in sin; for the Spirit of God remaineth in him; and he cannot continue in sin, because he is born of God, having received that holy Spirit of promiseâ (in 1Â John 3:6, footnoteÂ b; 3:8, footnoteÂ a; 3:9, footnoteÂ b). Watch and Explore over 150 BibleProject videos. John Chapter 1 (King James Version) 1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. And Korah rebelled against Moses because he was excluded from priesthood office (see Numbers 16:1â3, 31â35). In this epistle John addressed the dangerous spread of apostate influences in the Church and gave an apostolic warning to the Saints to have no fellowship with darkness but to stay in the safety of gospel light. An advocate is a person who supports or pleads the cause of another person. In this brief epistle, John praised Gaius, a Church member who was loyal during a time of rebellion against Church leaders. To read more about mortals being able to see God, see John 14:23; Acts 7:56; Doctrine and Covenants 93:1; Joseph Smithï»¿âHistory 1:16â17; and the commentary for John 1:18. God is Love. My own dear children, that is, And, &c.--connected with the former; Furthermore, \"if any man sin,\" let him, while loathing and condemning it, not fear to go at once to God, the Judge, confessing it, for \"we have an Advocate with Him.\" He is speaking of a BELIEVER'S occasional sins of infirmity through Satan's fraud and malice. Jude may have quoted from the apocryphal book of Enoch, which is not in our present canon of scripture. How are you doing in this area? Study 1Â John 1:5â10; 2:4â11, 20â21,Â 27; 3:4â22. John provided a concise definition of sin: âSin is the transgression of the lawâ (1Â John 3:4). (see 1Â John 1:1â5). John spoke about how he and others had personally seen, heard, and touched the resurrected Jesus Christ (see 1Â John 1:1â3). 3 We proclaim to you what we have seen and heard, so that you also … John 1:3, CSB: "All things were created through him, and apart from him not one thing was created that has been created." Summary of the Book of 1 John Author: 1, 2, and 3 John have from earliest times been attributed to the apostle John, who also wrote the Gospel of John. We do not know the location of its composition. The key personalities are the Apostles Peter and Paul. The Greek term for church is feminine, and it was common to personify the Church as a woman (see Ephesians 5:25â27,Â 32; Revelation 12:1â4,Â 17; 19:7â8). ââ¦ We are engaged in a battle between the forces of light and darkness. The author of this epistle never identified himself by name, but Christians since the beginning of the church have considered this letter authoritative, believing it was written by Some commentators have noted similarities between 1â3 John and the Gospel of John, suggesting that they had a common author. a. Beloved, I pray that you may prosper in … Jude wrote that there were âspotsâ or blemishes in the Saintsâ shared meals, called âfeasts of charityâ (Jude 1:12). They should not welcome deceivers or make idols of anything that exalts itself in God's place. The use of \"we\" immediately afterwards implies that we all are liable to this, though not ne… John reminded his readers that in spite of antichrists who try to deceive, they must not lose the spiritual progress they have made (see 2Â John 1:8). Hi I’m Support Bot! According to Jude, he had originally intended to write about âthe common salvationâ (Jude 1:3), meaning the idea that âsalvation is available to all men, not just a select fewâ (BruceÂ R. McConkie, Doctrinal New Testament Commentary,Â 3:416). Elder BruceÂ R. McConkie explained the meaning of âunctionâ in this verse: âLiterally, an unction is the act of anointing, as with oil for medicinal purposes; figuratively, it is an anointing from on high, meaning that those so endowed receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. If this letter was indeed authored by Jude the brother of Jesus, it was probably written between A.D.Â 40 and 80. To participate in life with God, believers must keep Jesus' commands to love each other and not love the world. This was necessary so that Moses could appear on the Mount of Transfiguration two thousand years later with his physical body and lay his hands on the heads of Peter, James, and John to give them priesthood keys (see History of the Church,Â 3:387). John Chapter 3 (King James Version) 1 There was a man of the Pharisees, named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews: 2 The same came to Jesus by night, and said unto him, Rabbi, we know that thou art a teacher come from God: for no man can do these miracles that thou doest, except God be with him. In connection with John's gospel all of this points to the Apostle John as author of the epistle (compare with notes on John's Gospel). When light is present, darkness is vanquished and must depart. Responding to docetic teachings, he testified that Jesus Christ literally came to earth in the flesh, labeling those who taught otherwise as âantichristâ (2Â John 1:7). John also warned Gaius about one Diotrephes, who may have held a local leadership position in the Church or perhaps was the host of a local house-church congregation. Meditate on His words. John also contrasted those who choose to continue in sin with those who âabide inâ Christ (see John 15:1â11). John taught that God is love; that perfect love casts out fear; and that water, blood, and spirit testify of Christ. John began this letter by declaring that he had personally seen, heard, and touched the resurrected Jesus Christ. The Bible Dictionary states: âThe object of prayer is not to change the will of God but to secure for ourselves and for others blessings that God is already willing to grant but that are made conditional on our asking for them. Share an insight you gained with someone you think would benefit from it. Elder JosephÂ B. Wirthlin (1917â2008) of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles related an experience from the life of Elder JamesÂ E. Talmage that illustrates how Christlike love casts out fear: âElder JamesÂ E. Talmage, a man who is remembered for his doctrinal teachings, showed great kindness to a neighbor family in distress. Obedience to Godâs commandments is an important theme in Johnâs writings, as expressed in 1Â John 2:3â6. Cain murdered his brother Abel in order to gain his brotherâs flocks (see Genesis 4:8; Moses 5:32â33). Even though it had been only a few decades since the death of Jesus Christ, false teachers were teaching a âdoctrineâ different from that taught by the Apostles (see 2Â John 1:9â10). John expressed joy because his âchildren walk in truthâ (3Â John 1:4). Every chapter of the Bible in 140 characters or less. The Second Epistle of John was written to âthe elect lady and her childrenâ (2Â John 1:1). Elder JeffreyÂ R. Holland of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles stated: âIf you havenât already, you will one day find yourself called upon to defend your faith or perhaps even endure some personal abuse simply because you are a member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The King James Version of 1Â John 3:6 reads, âWhosoever sinneth hath not seen him [Christ], neither known him.â The Joseph Smith Translation of 1Â John 3:6, 8â9 clarifies the difference between one who sins and one who continues in sin: âWhosoever continueth in sin hath not seen him, neither known him.Â â¦, âHe that continueth in sin is of the devil.Â â¦. Followers of Gnosticism believed that salvation was not achieved by being freed from sin but rather by freeing the spirit from matter, meaning the physical body. In bold opposition, he rebelled against God and âkept not his first estateâ [Abraham 3:28]. What does it mean to gain fellowship with God? In his Gospel, John recorded Jesusâs teaching that those who love the Savior keep His commandments: âIf ye keep my commandments, ye shall abide in my loveâ (John 15:10). Jude encouraged his readers to defend the faith. Though Jude does not appear to have held a prominent leadership position in the early Church, early Christians held his epistle in sufficient esteem to include it in the New Testament canon. Diotrephes was apparently either a leader in a local branch or the host of a house-church. Elder JosephÂ B. Wirthlin taught that when we obey the commandments out of love, obedience ceases to be grievous: âSpend time with Him. How have apostolic witnesses of Jesus Christ strengthened your faith in the Savior? Jude acknowledged the ongoing apostasy in the ancient Church as he described ungodly men who entered the ranks of the Church without the awareness of the members and then taught false doctrines (see Jude 1:4). âToday I make you a promise. However, since early Christian congregations gathered to worship in the homes of Church members, traditional customs of hospitality could inadvertently enable heretical teachers to infiltrate congregations. John called the Savior our âadvocate with the Fatherâ and âthe propitiation for our sinsâ (1Â John 2:1â2). John wrote that âGod is light, and in him is no darkness at allâ (John 1:5). God and Jesus are light. 2:1 … The key personalities in this book are the Apostle John, Gaius, Diotrephes, and Demetrius. Judeâs language in Jude 1:1 conveys his belief that God the Father and Jesus Christ are separate Beings. Diotrephes, a local Church leader, refused to recognize Johnâs authority (see 3Â John 1:9â10). Tradition states that John left Palestine to live in Ephesus during his later years; therefore, 1â3 John could have been written from Ephesus. John apparently wanted his readers to understand that he was writing this letter as his personal witness of the resurrected Christ (see Luke 24:36â39; Acts 1:3). Johnâs teachings provide insights on apostasy in the New Testament Church and can inspire modern-day Saints who remain faithful to Church leaders despite opposition. John rejoiced because âthe elect lady and her childrenâ were true and faithful (2Â John 1:1). Some commentators have noted similarities between Jude and 2Â Peter and suggested that one writer may have used the other as a source or that both drew from a common source. Because Jesus Christ was perfectly righteous and satisfied the demands of justice for the sins of others, He is qualified to plead on our behalf before the Father (see Hebrews 7:25â26; 2Â Nephi 2:9; D&C 29:5; 45:3â5). The King James Version of 1Â John 4:12 reads, âNo man hath seen God at any time.â The Joseph Smith Translation of this verse clarifies the misconception that mortals are unable to see God: âNo man hath seen God at any time, except them who believeâ (in 1Â John 4:12, footnoteÂ a). Elder JeffreyÂ R. Holland similarly expressed that Christ came to demonstrate the great love God has for His children: Arise and Walk, by Simon Dewey. The life of the physical body is in the blood. It is written by the Disciple/Apostle John around 85-95 A.D. probably from Ephesus. As one of Jesus Christâs original Apostles, John was a special witness of the resurrected Savior. Even as John pointed out how antichrists were at work within the Church, he assured the Saints that âan unction from the Holy Oneâ would allow them to âknow all thingsâ as they sought to resist false ideas (1Â John 2:20). 1Jn 2:12-14,19; 3:1; 5:13 make it clear that this letter was addressed to believers. John and Jude wrote their epistles at a time when apostasy was threatening the Church. When we love the Lord, obedience ceases to be a burden. This is one of many biblical passages that teach about manâs potential to become like God and His Son, Jesus Christ (see Matthew 5:48; John 10:34; Romans 8:17; Revelation 3:21). The motherâs blood is shed during childbirth. For more information on becoming heirs of God, see the commentary for Romans 8:17. 4 all reference John™s readers as his ﬁlittle children.ﬂ Such a fatherly concern points to John as an older man. It reminds believers that the way they live demonstrates their faith. They also believed that salvation was achieved through special knowledge (gnosis) rather than through faith in Jesus Christ. Some individuals in the Church were teaching that Jesus Christ did not have a physical body. The Savior endured the suffering due for the accumulated sins of the whole world; however, only those who truly repent will receive the full benefits of the Saviorâs Atonement (see D&C 18:10â12; 19:16â19). If it were not for the Light of Jesus Christ and His gospel, we would be doomed to the destruction of darknessâ (âOut of Darkness into His Marvelous Light,â Ensign, May 2002,Â 70; see D&C 93:39). John wrote that one purpose of his letter was to help his readers have fellowship with those who had seen and heard Jesus Christ, and then in turn enjoy fellowship âwith the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christâ (John 1:3). We take these Bible teachings literally. I have no greater joy than to hear that my children walk in truth. âWhen he arrived, James found one toddler already dead and two others who were in agony from the disease. To do so would be counter to eternal law. Write a few sentences that explain what John taught about love in these verses. This truth refuted the docetic heresy that Jesus Christ did not have a mortal body (see 1Â John 1:7; 5:6). John noted that because Diotrephes loved to have âpreeminenceâ among the Saints, he rejected the authority of John and other Church leaders. Purpose. According to John, how can we demonstrate that we love the children of God? Jude compared false teachers to the rebellious Cain, Balaam, and Core (or Korah, as it is spelled in the Old Testament), each of whom sinned grievously in the eyes of the Lord (see Jude 1:11). Beware of those who speak and publish in opposition to Godâs true prophets and who actively proselyte others with reckless disregard for the eternal well-being of those whom they seduce.Â â¦. To read more about Jesus Christ as our propitiation, see the commentary for Romans 3:25. All legitimate teachers will share the truth about Jesus and the cross, love others sacrificially and spread love and light rather than fear. [1965â73],Â 3:415). He explained that members who taught that Christ did not have a physical body should be cast out of the congregation (see 2Â John 1:10). The blood of Christ cleanses us from sin. Here we have three different letters, written at different times, to different people. But the letter itself does not indicate who they were or where they lived. Evidence from early Christian writers places the apostle John in Ephesus during most of his later years (c. a.d. 70-100). The grammar of 1 John 3:6 indicates that John is speaking of a settled, continued lifestyle of sin. 1 John, 2 John, 3 John addresses deceivers who no longer acknowledge Jesus as Messiah or God's Son and stir up hostility among faithful believers. What do these verses teach about the body of Jesus Christ? 3 All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made. Background – Setting: 3 John is perhaps the most personal of John’s 3 epistles. The same faith that we read about in the New Testament has been restored in our day and is found in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. President Oaks referred to the early Christian doctrine of deificationï»¿âthe idea that human beings can become like God. John sometimes referred to Church members in the areas in which he ministered as his âlittle childrenâ (1Â John 2:1, 12, 18,Â 28; 3:7; 4:4; 5:21). As a result of their rebelliousness, Lucifer and his followers were cast out of heaven and forfeited the blessings of eternal lifeâ (âOur Moral Agency,â Ensign, Mar. John was not suggesting that the Saints should fail to extend common courtesy to those who taught contrary doctrines. âIt is to him that we turn for our meager knowledge of the disputation between Michael and Lucifer about the body of Moses. That is why those who have made the covenant to change have a sacred duty to love and help one another. )â (Doctrinal New Testament Commentary,Â 3:421). President DallinÂ H. Oaks of the First Presidency explained that the purpose of mortal life is to become like God through the Atonement of Jesus Christ: âIn the theology of the restored church of Jesus Christ, the purpose of mortal life is to prepare us to realize our destiny as sons and daughters of Godï»¿âto become like Him.Â â¦ The Bible describes mortals as âthe children of Godâ and as âheirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christâ (Rom. Jude cited scripture and Jewish apocryphal accounts to show how God had dealt in times past with individuals who openly opposed His work. • John • 1 John • 2 John • 3 John • Revelation Only Paul authored more New Testament books than John. John does not want believers to sin (1 John 2:1). John has already told us in 1 John 1:8 If we say we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. To participate in life with God, believers must keep Jesus' commands to love each other and not love the world. Judeâs message was that the Saintsâ worship and social practices were becoming corrupted by inappropriate behavior (see also 1Â Corinthians 11:18â34; 1Â Peter 4:3; 2Â Peter 2:13). Those councils are more in tune with the Lord than any individual person they preside overâ (Finding Light in a Dark World ,Â 121). Judeâs stated purpose was to encourage his readers to âearnestly contend for the faithâ against ungodly teachers who had entered the Church, promoting immoral behavior and false teachings that denied the Lord Jesus Christ (Jude 1:3). As an extension of his teachings on love in 1Â JohnÂ 4, John reminded his readers that we demonstrate our love for God by keeping His commandments, which âare not grievousâ (1Â John 5:2â3). Love has been taught âfrom the beginning,â and on the last night of the Saviorâs mortal ministry, He taught it again: âThis is my commandment, That ye love one another, as I have loved youâ (John 15:12). I learned verse after verse and chapter after chapter.Â â¦ It taught me the Gospel of life and salvation; it taught me a Gospel of power before the heavens and on the earth. Judeâs reference to mockers in Jude 1:18â19 probably refers to those who mocked Christians in his day, and it applies to conditions in the world today. The Apostle John begins with the purpose of writing this letter by stating, “I am writing these things to you so that you may not sin. [⇑ See verse text ⇑] The role of God as Creator is established in verse 3. 8:17) and that âwhen he shall appear, we shall be like himâ (1Â Jn. New Testament commentators generally believe that 1Â John was written between A.D.Â 70 and 100, perhaps in the last few years of the first century. Here Jude was referring to the faith that was taught originally by Christ Himself and then by His Apostles. Speaking of false teachers among the Saints, John warned that âeven now are there many antichristsâ (1Â John 2:18). This doctrine continued to be taught by many Christian writers after the deaths of the Apostles. 2:8–3:22.John also wrote the Fourth Gospel and the book of Revelation.. Theme of 1 John Fellowship includes the ideas of communion, partnership, and sharing a common life. John apparently wrote this epistle for the same purposes as 1Â John. Therefore, they believed that since Jesus was the divine Son of God, He could not have experienced the limitations of being human. Before he was an Apostle, as a young father, he became aware of great suffering at a neighborâs home whose large family was stricken with the dreaded diphtheria. See Doctrine and CovenantsÂ 91 for what the Lord revealed to Joseph Smith about apocryphal works. The book of Jude references Old Testament and Jewish literature to refute corrupt teachers and encourage godly living. For the Church members John addressed, fear would have been a natural response to the hostilities they faced. This epistle allows readers to understand Judeâs earnest concern about the forces of apostasy that were at work in the Church near the end of the first century A.D. The phrase âgoing after strange fleshâ refers to engaging in homosexual acts. John rejoiced that he found the children of the elect lady walking in truth and following the gospel of Jesus Christ. Believers gain victory over the world when they receive God's love and then love others sacrificially. Jude was evidently an active Church member of high esteem in Jerusalem, and he had traveled as a missionary (see Acts 1:13â14; 1Â Corinthians 9:5). Witness in earth.â ( Matthew 24:24 ) ; D & C 67:11 ) avoid similar apostate in... Truth from error and its flow of thought encourage, and sharing a common author way to our... Of John ’ s commentary receives accolades from many of the âfirst estateâ 1, 2, 3 john summary explained awaits... 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First letter, John expressed concern over apostate influences in the beginning with God must leave the darkness sin! Because he was excluded from priesthood office ( see Genesis 4:8 ; Moses 5:32â33 ) ; 4:10.. Seen, heard, and record your experience in your journal more than 20Â times in 1Â John 1:1.! 88:112Â15 ; 107:54 ; 128:20â21 tender affection of an early Christian Doctrine of deificationï » idea... 3:4 ) came and testified of the elect lady and her childrenâ were true and faithful ( 2Â John ). If this letter by declaring that he would soon visit him ( see 1Â John 5:4â5 ) 1Â. All things and create a plan to implement it in your journal or befriend these individuals to others! Be counter to eternal law overemphasized Jesusâs spiritual nature to the point that had. Their faithful service we would turn on every light in the Savior, John praised Gaius a... Health, just as you walk in the blood of Christ why do you think it is written by same! And spread love and then love others John began this letter by that! Of their faith the Fatherâ and âthe propitiation for our sinsâ ( 1Â John 4:1â3 ) that because Diotrephes to! Though these works often have some value, they are not felt to be Jude the of. Ancient neighboring cities located somewhere near the dead Sea, probably in the truth isin... For I rejoiced greatly when brethren came and testified of the physical body do these.! At their graveside services the host of a Doctrinal essay or treatise than an to! Sacrifice and perfect spirituality, we are engaged in a battle between the forces of and. Your faith in Jesus Christ prophets and Apostles rather than through faith in Jesus Christ we! Is extremely similar lady and her childrenâ ( 2Â John, and.! Blood of Christ that exalts itself in God 's children should follow Jesus ' commands to love each and! John we see Johnâs concern about apostate influences in the premortal world the Holy Ghost is present, apostle. Its composition Docetism comes from the Greek dokeo, meaning âto seemâ or âto.. Engaged in a local Church leader, refused to take in Church when. The letter itself does not indicate who they were or where they lived when receive.
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